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  • 高考英语全面 复习九

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    内容提示: 高考英语全面 复习九 Units 4~5 晨背佳作经典试题(2009年高考山东卷)假设你是李华, 曾在美国学习半年, 现已回国。 你想联系你的美国老师Mr. Smith, 但没有其联系方式。 请根据以下要点给你的美国同学Tom写一封信:点给你的美国同学Tom写一封信:1. 感谢Tom对你英语学习的帮助;2. 询问Mr. Smith的近况并索要其联系方式;3. 邀请Tom在春节期间来中国感受中国文化。 晨背佳作经典试题注意: 1.词数120~150;2. 可适当增加细节。______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 晨背佳...

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    高考英语全面 复习九 Units 4~5 晨背佳作经典试题(2009年高考山东卷)假设你是李华, 曾在美国学习半年, 现已回国。 你想联系你的美国老师Mr. Smith, 但没有其联系方式。 请根据以下要点给你的美国同学Tom写一封信:点给你的美国同学Tom写一封信:1. 感谢Tom对你英语学习的帮助;2. 询问Mr. Smith的近况并索要其联系方式;3. 邀请Tom在春节期间来中国感受中国文化。 晨背佳作经典试题注意: 1.词数120~150;2. 可适当增加细节。______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 晨背佳作范文选登Dear Tom,I have returned to my motherland.Thanks to your help, I lived a happy life and made great iEli h t d iprogress in my English study in your country for half a year.It’s well known that China is a country with a long history.With the Spring Festival drawing near, people will hold all varieties of activities.Welcome you to come here to experience our Chinese traditional tf 晨背佳作范文选登culture.In addition, it has been a long time since I saw Mr. Smith and I miss him a lot.I wonder if he has a good time.Can you do me the favor to let me t i thith hi ? Plget in touch with him? Please give my best wishes to him.Thank you very much in advance.ib ti htYours truly,Li Hua Unit 4 Wildlife protectionWildlife protection 保护野生动植物 考纲知识预览重点单词1.n. 保护→vt.→adj.2.vi.& vt.减少; (使)变小/变少(反义词)n. 损失; 遗失; 丧失→n. 失主; 损失者; 失败者→adj.丢失的; 遗失的4.vt.& vi.打猎; 猎取; 搜寻→n.huntingprotectionprotectprotectivedecreaseincreaseloss loselost →3.vt.→loserhunt 考纲知识预览5.vi.回答; 响应; 做出反应→n.6.n. (痛苦或忧虑的)减轻或解relieven. 笑; 笑声→n. 笑; 笑声n. 仁慈; 宽恕; 怜悯adj.adj.确定的; 某一; 一定(反义词)→uncertain除; 减轻痛苦的事物→7.笑; 大笑; 嘲笑8.→mercifulcertainvt.respondresponsereliefvi.9.→adv.laughterlaughmercycertainly 考纲知识预览10.n. 重要(性)→adj.11.vt.包含; 容纳; 容忍n. 容器adj.强大的; 有力的powerful →importanceimportantcontain container12.power→n.affect13.vt.影响; 感动; 侵袭n. 影响→affection→n. 影响;感情14.n. 注意; 关注; 注意力effect attention 考纲知识预览15.vt.鉴赏; 感激; 意识到→n.16.vi.成功vt.接替; 继任→n.appreciateappreciationsucceedsuccess→adj.vt.雇用; 利用(时间、 精力n. 雇用→n. 雇员17.employment等)→主→n. 雇successful employemployeremployee 考纲知识预览18.n. & vt.损害; 危害adj.有害的; 致伤的adv.→害的; 不致伤的19.vt.检查; 视察→n.20.incident→→adj.无harmharmfulharmfullyharmlessn. 事件; 事变inspectinspection 考纲知识预览重点短语1.2.2.3.4.5.灭亡; 逐渐消失和平地; 和睦地; 安详地和平地; 和睦地; 安详地在危险中; 垂危如释重负; 松了口气突然笑起来;burst into laughterdie out in peacepin danger(of)in relief大声笑了出来 考纲知识预览6.保护……不受……(危害)7.8.9.10.注意形成; 产生按照; 根据……所说以至于; 结果protect...frompay attention tocome into beingaccording toso thatg 考纲知识预览重点句型1. That’s good news.It shows the importance of wildlife protection, but I’d like ppto help as the WWF suggests.【精提取】suggest vt.建议。【巧应用】有人建议推迟会议。It was suggested that the meeting________________________________.答案: should be put off 考纲知识预览2. They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long before humans came into being and their future seemed secure at that time.【精提取】before作连词连接时间状语从句。【巧应用】得过很久他才能恢复。It will be long ________________________________________.答案: before he gets well again 考纲知识预览3. Daisy had always longed to help endangered species of wildlife.【精提取】long to do sth.渴望做某事。【巧应用】她渴望放假回家, 再次见到她的家人。She ________________________________________ to go home and see her family again.答案: longed to have a holiday 考纲知识预览4. Flying carpet, please show me a place where there’s some wildlife protection.【精提取】some后接单数可数名词表示未知的或未确定的某个人或事物。【巧应用】由于某种原因他未参加晚会。He didn’t ________________________________________________.答案: attend the party for some reason 名师一线讲坛1. contain vt.感情的感情); 抑制①The Chinese diet contains a lot of fruit and green vegetables.中国的饮食包括很多水果和绿色蔬菜。②Orange juice contains things which keep you healthy.橘汁里含有有益于健康的东西。包含; 容纳; 克制(强烈词语细解点对点 名师一线讲坛③She was too angry to contain herself.她气急了, 无法控制自己。④The hall can contain/hold/seat/admit 3,000 people.,pp这个大厅可以容纳3000人。 名师一线讲坛比较网站include, contain(1)include包括, 侧重被包含者只是整( )体中的一部分。Our six-city tour included a visit to London.我们的六城市旅行包括到伦敦的访问。 名师一线讲坛(2)contain包括, 侧重“整体内有” ,指在某一范围或容器内能容纳某物。 不用于进行时态。This bottle contains two glasses of beer.这个瓶子可容纳两杯啤酒。This book contains all the information you need.这本书包含了你所需要的所有内容。g 名师一线讲坛高效记忆container contain fruits include apples容器装有水果包括苹果 名师一线讲坛1. (2008年高考全国卷Ⅱ )Little Johnny felt the bag, curious to know whatfelt the bag, curious to know what it________.A. collectedC. loaded D. saved解析: 选B。 句意: 小约翰尼摸了 一下袋子, 非常好奇地想知道里面装着什么东西。 collect“收集, 搜集”; contain“含有,装有”; load“装载”; save“节省”。B. contained 名师一线讲坛2. mercy n.(1)ask/beg for mercy请求宽恕仁慈; 宽恕; 怜悯show mercy to sb.怜悯 同情 可怜 某人 at the mercy of任由……摆布 (2)It’ s a mercy that...幸运的是……show mercy to sb.have mercy on sb.怜悯/同情/可怜 名师一线讲坛①He went down on his knees and begged for mercy.他跪下来, 乞求宽恕。②They have no mercy on the poor ②yfather and daughter.他们不怜悯这对可怜的父女。yp 名师一线讲坛③I shouldn’t like to be at the mercy of such a cruel man.我不想任由这个残忍的家伙摆布。④It is a mercy that she wasn’t seriously ④yhurt.幸运的是她伤势不重。y 名师一线讲坛2. She is a kind-hearted woman and often hasmercyoften has________mercy________peoplewho are in trouble.A. a; onC. a; to D. /; to解析: 选B。 have mercy on...为固定结构。peopleB. /; on 名师一线讲坛3. affect vt.be greatly/deeply affected很/深受感动be affected by heat/cold中暑/着凉be affected with high fever发高烧g影响; 感动; (疾病)侵袭 名师一线讲坛①The slight change of weather can affect her unhealthy health.天气稍有变化就会影响她那虚弱的身体。②She was affected by his moving words.她被他的感人的话所感动。 名师一线讲坛③All the people in the room were affected to tears.屋里所有人都感动得流了泪。④The disease is beginning to affect her ④eyesight.该病逐渐侵袭到她的视力。⑤She is affected with cancer.她患有癌症。gg 名师一线讲坛3. (2009年高考上海卷)With the government’s aid, thosegovernment s aid, those________ by the earthquake have moved to the new settlements.A. affect B. affectingC. affected D. were affectedby the 名师一线讲坛解析: 选C。 句意: 在政府的援助下,那些受到地震影响的人们已经搬到新的定居点。 用 affect的过去分词形式作主语those的后置定语, 表示“受到地震影响的人们” 。表示受到地震影响的人们 名师一线讲坛4. Much ________ by the story of Cong Fei, I am also determined to be a volunteer worker.A. affected B. affecting gC. admired D. effected 名师一线讲坛解析: 选A。 句意为: 被丛飞的故事所感动, 我也决心做一名志愿者。 be affected by“被……所感动” ; effect常用 作名词, 意为“影响; 效果” , 作动词时常以改进和变为影响; 效果, 作动词时常以改进和变化之类的词作宾语, 着重强调造成某种特殊效果。 名师一线讲坛4. appreciate vt.欣赏; 感激; 意识到(1)I would appreciate it if...假如……我将不胜感激(2)appreciation n. 欣赏; 感激 appreciate+n./pron./v.-ing重视/感激……Ildi t it if 假如我将不胜感激 名师一线讲坛①Her boss appreciated her talents very much.她的老板非常赏识她的才干。②I appreciate your kind words.②ppy我很感谢你好心的安慰。 名师一线讲坛③I would appreciate it if you can take care of my dog.如果你能帮忙照顾一下我的小狗, 我会不胜感激。④We didn’t appreciate that he was seriously ill.我们没有意识到他的病情很严重。 名师一线讲坛5. I’d appreciate ________if you would like to teach me how to use the computer.like to teach me how to use the computer.A. that B. itC. this D. you 名师一线讲坛解析: 选B。 it 作appreciate 的形式宾语, 真正的宾语是if you would like to teach me how to use the computer。 it 常在hate,like, appreciate 等动词后作形式宾语, 指pp等动词后作形式宾语代it 之后的内 容, 对此用 法考生应熟练掌握。 名师一线讲坛6. I really appreciate ________ to relax with you on this nice island.A. to have had time B. having timeC. to have time D. to having time解析: 选B。 appreciate后面只能接动名词或名词。g 名师一线讲坛7. I appreciated________back and greeting that afternoon after our departure.A. you to callC. your calling D. you’re callingyg解析: 选C。 appreciate后接v.-ing形式表示“感激做某事” 。B. you callyg 名师一线讲坛5. succeed vi.成功; 继承vt.接替;继任succeed(in)doing sth.成功……succeed to sth 继承……succeed to sth.继承……(1) (2) success n.[U]成功, 成就; [C]成功的人或事物successful adj.成功的successfully adv.成功地 名师一线讲坛①He succeeded in finishing his work on time.他成功地完成了工作。②You’ll have to work hard if you are ②to succeed.要想有所作为, 你必须苦干。③He will succeed his father as the manager of the company.他将接替父亲担任公司经理。y 名师一线讲坛④Failure is the mother of success.失败是成功之母。⑤He was a success in business.他事业很成功。⑥Were you successful in persuading him to change his mind?你劝说他改变主意, 成功了吗? 名师一线讲坛8. We have every reason to believe that________2012 London Olympic Games will be________success.A/BA. /; aB. the; /C. the; a D. a; a解析: 选C。 句意: 我们有理由相信2012年伦敦奥运会将会取得成功。 在由普通名词构成的专有名词前用 定冠词the。 success表“成功”的概念时为不可数名词, 但作“成功的人” 或“成功的事” 讲时为可数名词, 前面须加不定冠词“a”表泛指, 故选C。th/ 名师一线讲坛6. die outdie of/from因……而死die for为……而死die away减弱, 淡化ydie down逐渐减弱, 降低, 察觉不到die off相继死去, 先后死去be dying for/to do sth.渴望、 极想做某绝种; 灭亡事 名师一线讲坛①Many old customs are gradually dying out.许多旧习俗都在日 渐消逝。②This species has nearly died out ②pbecause its habitat is being destroyed.因栖息地正受到破坏, 这一物种已濒于灭绝。y 名师一线讲坛③My grandfather died from a heart attack.我祖父死于心脏病。④I’m dying for a cup of coffee.④y g我很想喝一杯咖啡。p 名师一线讲坛9. Although the wind has________,the rain remains steady, so you still need a raincoat.raincoat.A. turned up B. gone backC. died down D. blown out解析: 选C。 C项意为“平息” 。 A项为“出 现, 到来” ; B项为“回来” ; D项为“吹出 ” , 因此选C。 句意: 虽然风停了 , 但是雨还在下, 因此你要带上雨衣。 名师一线讲坛10. As the air is being polluted, many kinds of wild animals are______.A. died B. dying downC. dying out D. deathy g解析: 选C。 die为不及物动词, 不能用被动语态, 排除A项; death为名词“死亡” , 不合题意。 根据题意应为“灭绝” 。 名师一线讲坛11. Many of the earth’s plants and animals have already________and several other species are endangered.A. died away B. died outyC. died off D. died up解析: 选B。 该题考查有关die的词组。die away意为“(声 音、 光等)消失; (风)停下来” ; die off指“(草木)一一枯死” ; die out(喻)“灭亡, 灭绝” 。 名师一线讲坛7. come into beingcome into effect/force/operation开始生效/执行/实施come into existence/being开始存在; 形成, 产生come into fashion开始流行, 风靡come into power/office就职, 上台执政come into use/service开始被使用come into sight/view看得见形成; 产生g 名师一线讲坛①No one knows when such a custom came into being.没人知道这种风俗是什么时候开始形成的。②We don’t exactly know when the law came into effect.我们不确定这个法律是何时生效的。 名师一线讲坛③Long skirts have come into fashion again.长裙又时兴起来了。④When do the new regulations come ④into force?新规章什么时候开始执行?g 名师一线讲坛12. (2009年高考北京卷)Scientists have many theories about how the universeinto beinguniverse________into being.A. came B. was comingC. had come D. would come 名师一线讲坛解析: 选A。 句意: 关于宇宙是如何产生的, 科学家们有很多 理论。 根据句意可知宇宙产生绝非将来要发生的事, 所以先排除B、 D两项, C项had come为过去的过去,因题中无过去时间作参照, 故排除。 宇宙产生发生在过去, 故用 一般过去时。为过去的过去 名师一线讲坛13. “Do you know when Obama________? ” he asked me.A. came into office B. came into forceC. came into being D. came into service解析: 选A。 句意: 他问我: “你知道奥巴马什么时候就职的吗? ” come into office就职, 上台执政, 符合句意。 名师一线讲坛8. protect...from...受……(危害)(1)在protect...from/against...结构中,from和against后面常跟sth., 有时against后from和against后面常跟sth., 有时against后跟being done来强调动作的被动性。保护……不 名师一线讲坛(2)prevent/keep/stop sb./sth.from doing sth.阻止某人做某事/阻止某事发生。 主动句中prevent/stop...from...中的from可省略, 在被动句中from不可省略, 而keep...from...中的from无论在主动句还是被动句中都不能省略。p 名师一线讲坛①He raised his arm to protect his child from hurt.他伸出胳膊, 保护他的孩子免受伤害。②An umbrella will protect you from ②the rain.雨伞可以保护你不至于淋雨。py 名师一线讲坛③It is the best way to prevent such a thing happening again.这是最好的办法来阻止这样的事情再次发生。④There was nothing to stop her from doing so.没有什么能够阻止她这样做。 名师一线讲坛14. He is wearing sunglasses to ________his eyes from the strong sunlight.Aprotect BholdA. protect B. holdC. stop D. prevent解析: 选A。 句意: 他戴太阳镜是为了使眼睛避免受到强烈阳光的照射。 protect保护; hold握住; stop阻止, 后接from doing; prevent预防, 后接from doing。 名师一线讲坛1.【教材原句】 That’s good news.Itshows the importance of wildlife protection, but I’d like to help as the WWF suggests.这是个好消息, 它表明了野生动物保护的重要性, 不过我想按照世界野生生物基金会的建议帮助你们。句型考点面对面 名师一线讲坛【句法分析】 (1)as在句中引导方式状语从句, 意为“按照; 如同” 。①You must do everything as I do.你必须照着我来做每一件事。②When in Rome, do as Romans do.入乡随俗。 (在罗马时就要像罗马人那样做)。③I will do as you advise.我会照你的忠告去做。 名师一线讲坛(2)suggest vt.建议; 暗示; 推荐1)suggest(建议) (sb./sb.’ s)doing sth.(to sb.)that sb.(should)do sth.sth.(to sb.)It is suggested/advised thatsb.(should)do sth. (sb./sb.s)doing sth. 名师一线讲坛2)suggest作“暗示; 表明” 之意时, 可接名词或从句, 但从句中的谓语动词要根据主句的谓语动词决定其形式。3)suggestion n. [C])gg[ ]at/on sb.’s suggestion根据某人的建议make/offer a suggestion提出建议建议; 迹象 名师一线讲坛①I suggest a visit to the Great Wall next month.我建议下个月 去参观长城。②He suggested going out for a walk.②ggg他建议出去散散步。③I suggested to him that he should join in the club activities.我向他建议参加俱乐部的活动。g 名师一线讲坛④It was suggested that the meeting(should)be put off.有人建议推迟会议。⑤The pale look on his face suggested ⑤pthat he was ill.他脸色苍白, 表明他病了。⑥They made a suggestion that we(should)go there by train.他建议我们应该坐火车去那儿。gg 名师一线讲坛15. (2009年高考上海卷)Bill suggestedsuggested________a meeting on what to do for the Shanghai Expo during the vacation.A. having heldC. holding D. hold解析: 选C。 句意: 比尔建议在假期中召 开一个有关上海世博会事宜的会议。suggest doing sth.建议做某事。a meeting on what to doB. to hold 名师一线讲坛16. The parents suggested________in the hotel room but their kids were anxious to camp out during the trip.A. sleep B. to sleeppC. sleeping D. having slept解析: 选C。 动词suggest后只能用 动词的-ing形式作宾语, 意为“建议做……”。p 名师一线讲坛2.【教材原句】 They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long beforehumans came into being.千百万年前恐龙就在地球上生活, 比人千百万年前恐龙就在类的出现要早得多。球活比人 名师一线讲坛【句法分析】 (1)long before相当于long long ago, 意为“很久以前” , 常用于过去时或过去完成时的句子中作时间状语,before后边可以跟从句。(2)before long相当于soon或a little later, 意为“不久; 不久以后” , 常与将来时、 过去时态连用, 在句中作状语, 不可以直接加从句。 名师一线讲坛(3) It is/was not long before+从句久就……It will not be long before+从句了多久就……(主句用一般将来时, 从句用(一般现在时)(4)It will be long before+从句久才……不过不般要过很 名师一线讲坛①It won’t be long before he goes abroad.不久之后他就要出国。②I had heard of him long before I ②came here.早在我来这儿很久以前我就听说过他的情况。③It didn’t take long before the fire was put out.不久火就被扑灭了。g 名师一线讲坛17. —Why didn’t you ask the teacher the question?the question?—She had left the office ________ I had time to do it.A. as B. tillC. after D. before解析: 选D。 该句意为: 我还没来得及问她问题, 她就离开了 办公室。 名师一线讲坛18. (2009年重庆第一次诊断)The president made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation________it got worse.A. until B. whileC. before D. because解析: 选C。 考查连词的用 法。 句意为: 董事长犯了 一个错误, 但是后来他在情况恶化之前进行了 纠 正。 before表示“在……之前” 。 随堂即时检测点击进入点击进入 课时活页训练点击进入点击进入

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